Romania: migrants. Managing migrants and border control. How temporary is the temporary reestablishment of border controls?

With the current migration management’s crisis and the consequent debate on the Schengen acquis, the EU is facing a challenge that will demand a more comprehensive approach. With a view to shed some light on this issue and better understand the solutions ahead, the Institute of European Democrats decided to launch an external research project on “Migration, borders control and solidarity: Schengen at stake?“. The papers have dissertated from the meaning of the word “crisis” to the EU-Turkey agreement and the role of non-Schengen members. Among other subjects: European identity, violation of human rights and gender violence, EU law transposition, rise of populism, Eurozone crisis, lessons for Schengen or Arab Spring implications.

In this context I had the privilege to be selected to present a paper on the Romanian perspective. Thus in this context appeared the paper Romania: migrants. Managing migrants and border control. How temporary is the temporary reestablishment of border controls?

With the current crisis of migration management and the consequent debate on the Schengen acquis, the EU is facing a new challenge that demands a more comprehensive approach. With a view to shed some light on this issue and better understand the solutions ahead, the present paper is a part of a broader European project initiated by the Institute of European Democrats. A “perfect storm” due to the rise of asylum-seekers, the increased migratory pressure, security and social concerns, a yet fragile economic recovery and political internal turmoil have put the Schengen area under a lot of stress and made its future uncertain. The present paper is a presentation of the current situation, of the possible costs of the disappearance of Schengen while mentioning once more the debates concerning this area that came from an EU pre-Schengen Member State (Romania).

The paper addressed the main challenges that in my vision such a situation presents:

1. Current situation both at the European and national level.

1.1. The refugee crisis. General overview.

1.2. Impact on the Schengen area. Current challenges.

2. Future development. What if Schengen disappears? Possible costs.

2.1. Economic costs of the possible disappearance of Schengen.

3. Political objectives and relative strategies at the European and national level.

3.1. Romania and Schengen.

4. Preliminary Conclusions. Preliminary references.

The paper is available online here.

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